Historically, Mexico was an important producer of natural pearls and shell material. Cultured pearl farming emerged in the 20th century. Both Pinctada mazatlanica and Pteria sterna pearl oyster species are cultivated. Established in 1993, first commercial marine cultured pearls were harvested there in 2000. These were the first marine beaded cultured pearls in the Americas. For more information also see

Perlas del Mar de Cortez operations overlooking the Bahia de Bacochibambo in Sonora State, Mexico. Photo:
2010 harvest from the Perlas del Mar de Cortez pearl farm. Photo:
Two species of pearl oysters are farmed in Mexico. This here is Pteria sterna (winged pearl oyster) with a selection of colourful pearls it can produce. Photo:

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Other black pearl farming regions

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