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Nash, J., Ginger, C., Cartier, L.E., 2016. The Sustainable Luxury Contradiction : Evidence from a Consumer Study of Marine-cultured Pearl Jewellery. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 63, 73-95. DOI: [10.9774/] Link to article

Cartier, L.E., Krzemnicki, M.S., 2016. Golden South Sea Cultured Pearls: Cultivation Steps & Gemmological Investigations. Journal of the GAHK. Vol. 36, pp. 16-21. Link to article


Cartier, L.E., Carpenter, K.E., 2014. The influence of pearl oyster farming on reef fish abundance and diversity in Ahe, French Polynesia. Marine Pollution Bulletin. Link to article


Hänni, H.A., Cartier, L.E., 2013. Tracing cultured pearls from farm to consumer: A review of potential methods and solutions. Journal of Gemmology, 33, 7/8, 239-245. Article (pdf)


Meyer, J.B., Cartier, L.E., Figuera-Pinto, E.A., 2013. DNA Fingerprinting of Pearls to Determine Their Origins. PLoS ONE, 8(10), e75606.  Link to Article    PDF(download)


Bad news for fake pearls, 2013. Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ). Link to Article


The Rise of Eco-Friendly Pearl Farming, 2013. National Geographic. Link to Article   Link to Slideshow


Cartier, L.E., Krzemnicki, M.S., 2013. New developments in cultured pearl production: use of organic and baroque shell nuclei. Australian Gemmologist, 25, 1, 6-13. Article (pdf)


Cartier, L.E., Ali, S.H., 2013. China's Pearl Industry: An Indicator of Ecological Stress. Our World 2.0, United Nations University Magazine. Link to article (English)   Link to article (Japanese)


Cartier, L.E., Ali, S.H., 2012. Pearl Farming as a Sustainable Development Path. The Solutions Journal, Vol. 4, Issue 3. Link to article


Cartier, L.E., Krzemnicki, M.S., Ito, M., 2012. Cultured Pearl Farming and Production in the Federated States of Micronesia. Gems & Gemology, 48, 2, 108-122. Article (pdf)


Ali, S.H., 2012. Marine pearls of China: Challenges and opportunities in the Gulf of Tonkin (Beibu Gulf). National Geographic. Link to article


Cartier, L.E., 2011. Perlenzucht: Chancen für marinen Umweltschutz und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in der Südsee. Gold'Or, 10, 66-67. Download pdf 


Hänni, H.A., Krzemnicki, M.S., Cartier, L.E., 2010. Appearance of new bead material in pearls. Journal of Gemmology, 32, 1-4, 31-37. Article (pdf)


Project description for research project.  Download pdf